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The evolution of Postage stamps of China

Postal history of China is very fascinating as much as intricate if one considers the gradual decay of imperial China, the years of civil wars, the Japanese Occupation in the 1930s and World War II.

Imperial China
Early records from the first millennium BC show evidence of regular governmental postal service during the Chou Dynasty.  By the 12th century, organised postal services existed as per Marco Polo’s records.  He reported the mailing of private letters by the Min Hsin Chu (a system of letter guilds) and the setting of post stages, as many as 10,000.

The Treaty of Kyakhta in 1727 allowed the regular exchange of mail between Imperial China and Russia.  In the 19th century, the Opium War ended the policy of isolation and ‘treaty’ ports opened, allowing some countries to operate their ‘foreign post offices’ from 1844.  

In 1865, Shanghai organised its own local post and the Englishman Robert Hart set up a mail service for the Imperial Maritime Customs for carrying consular mail to and from the ‘treaty’ ports.  This function was available to the public on May 1878.  Hence, China’s first postage stamps, the ‘Large Dragons’ were issued to handle payment, and were inscribed “CHINA” in both Latin and Chinese characters, and denominated in candareens.

Initially, all mail to foreign destinations went through Shanghai, but by 1882, twelve post offices opened.  Twelve years later, the postal operations were reorganised, Min Hsin Chu and the Shanghai local post ceased to operate, Customs Port became the Imperial Postal Service (effective 1 January 1897) and the postal system adopted cents and dollars as the new units of currency.

The lack of postage during the first half of 1897 forced the use of existing postage and revenue stock surcharged in cents, with some varieties.  The first new stamps, inscribed “IMPERIAL CHINESE POST” went on sale in August 1897 with twelve values, ranging from 1/2c to $5.  These lithographed stamps were printed in Japan and used desgns of a dragon, a carp and a wild goose.  

The paper was watermarked.  The following year, a new series of engraved stamps printed in London were issued in similar designs by using thicker Chinese watermarked paper.  The inscription changed to ‘CHINESE IMPERIAL POST’.  

New printings commenced in 1899 but used non-watermarked paper and from this run, stamps were in use until the end of the Empire.  It’s noticeable that the compliance to the Universal Postal Union saw the introduction of three values and the change of some colours.  

The anniversary of the first year of reign of Emperor Xuantong was ideal for the first Chinese commemorative stamp in 1909, printed on 3 denominations and depicting the ‘Temple of Heaven’ in Beijing.

Revolution and Republic

The 1910s – 
The revolution of 1911 resulted in overprints on the imperial stamps in 1912. Examples of  the overprints are that of ‘Foochow’ (neutral post office available to both sides) and ‘Nanking’ and ‘Shanghai’ (indicating part of the Republic of China).  Postmasters throughout the country used unofficial overprints.  

The first new designs of the Republic were two commemorative sets of 12 each, the first set depicting Sun Yat-Sen and second Yuan Shikai.  Both issues were available from 14 December 1912.

5-cent “junk” from the redesign of 1923

Chinese definitive postage stamps made their mark in May 1913 with the release of the ‘Junk design’ stamps.  Progressively, the higher issues depicred a farmer reaping rice and the ‘gateway to the Hall of Classics’.  Initially printed in London, the stamps were manufactured in Beijing from 1915.  The series was re-engraved in 1923.

The 1920s – 
China produced new commemorative issues, of four stamps each, during the 1920s.   These are the 25th anniversary of the Chinese Post Office (1921), the Temple of Heaven / New Constitution (1923), Marshal of the Army and Navy Zhang Zuolin (1928), the Unification of China / Chiang Kai-Shek (1929) and the State Funeral of Sun Yat Sen (1929). 

The 1930s and 1940s – 
In 1931, new definitives depicting Sun Yat Sen and in 1932, the ‘Six martyrs of Kuomintang’ were printed in volumes and were well used in the next several years.  

Manchuria was invaded in 1931 by the Japanese and ‘Manchukuo’ issued its own stamps.  During World War II, some existing postage stamps from previous issues were surcharged.

Chinese definitive postage stamps made their mark in May 1913 with the release of the ‘Junk design’ stamps.  Progressively, the higher issues depicred a farmer reaping rice and the ‘gateway to the Hall of Classics’.  Initially printed in London, the stamps were manufactured in Beijing from 1915.  The series was re-engraved in 1923.

The 1920s – 
China produced new commemorative issues, of four stamps each, during the 1920s.   These are the 25th anniversary of the Chinese Post Office (1921), the Temple of Heaven / New Constitution (1923), Marshal of the Army and Navy Zhang Zuolin (1928), the Unification of China / Chiang Kai-Shek (1929) and the State Funeral of Sun Yat Sen (1929). 

The 1930s and 1940s – 
In 1931, new definitives depicting Sun Yat Sen and in 1932, the ‘Six martyrs of Kuomintang’ were printed in volumes and were well used in the next several years.  

Manchuria was invaded in 1931 by the Japanese and ‘Manchukuo’ issued its own stamps.  During World War II, some existing postage stamps from previous issues were surcharged.

25 cents on a stamp of 1931
Kansu surcharge on a stamp issued in 1940-41

Although not the first appearance of Chiang Kai-shek on a stamp, this October 1945 commemoration of his inauguration includes a broader array of nationalistic symbols.

Towards the end of the War, the Nationalist Government was still struggling with the Communist forces.   Still, the postal authorities were able to release some commemorative issues on President Lin Sen who died in 1943, the anniversary of Chiang Kai-Shek in October 1945, and for celebrating the Alllied victory.

Severe inflation required a steady stream of overprints; this $2000 value is from 1946

Needless to say, as with many European countries affected by the War, China experienced increased inflation in 1945 and 1946.  The need for postage of higher values necessitated the release of older stamps with surcharges up to $2,000.  A new design of Sun Yat Sen was inscribed with the value of $5,000 but in the following year another issue came out with $50,000 that was superceded with the 1948’s $5,000,000 stamp!

Adoption of a gold yuan standard delayed inflation only for a short time. This $1000 stamp was issued in early 1949.

In 1948, the ‘gold yuan’ standard was adopted and existing stamps were surcharged with values from 1/2c and up.   This currency reformation proved infufficient due to inflation as by early 1949, the overprinted values reached the $5,000,000 mark!  In desparation, the government printed undenominated stamps and sold them at the daily yean rate.  
Later, the silver yuan standard was adopted and more stamps were overprinted.  By August 1949, the Nationalists’ last issues were denominated in silver Yuan.

The postal system of the People’s Republic of China was established in Beijing in that year and was expanded to the liberated areas.  This enabled the authority to cease the sale of regional stamps by end of June 1950, with the exception of the Northeast Liberation Area and the Port Arthur & Dairen Post & Telegraph (by end of 1950).
The unified administration issued its first postage stamps in October 1949 that consisted of four with designs of ‘lantern and the Gate of Heavenly Peace’.

This silver yuan overprint on a revenue stamp was used for only a few months in mid-1949.

The first definitive series were released in February 1950 and featured the Gate of Heavenly Peace against a background of clouds. These stamps came in nine values ranging from $200 to $10,000.  
The design was modified several times over the next few years and today, philatelists have identified six issues.   By the end of 1950, all provinces were entered into the unified postal service.

Like much of the global economy these days, the center of the world’s multibillion-dollar stamp-collecting market is shifting east. Auction houses are sprouting up in Hong Kong, Singapore and Beijing, and rich collectors are catching the bug, especially in China. All of that is helping breathe new life into a hobby—and for some, an investment strategy—that was starting to seem decidedly passé in the West. Without rich Chinese collectors, some experts say, stamp collecting would have continued its long, slow decline from mainstream hobby to near-extinction.

At least a third of the world’s 60 million stamp collectors are now in China, and the number is growing rapidly, Stanley Gibbons says. China, including Hong Kong, has also become a big stamp-trading hub, with at least six auction houses in Hong Kong and another four major houses on the mainland plus several smaller ones, most opening in the past four years. Stamp shows have proliferated, drawing hundreds of thousands of buyers and gawkers at a time when similar events in the U.S. are lucky to break into the five figures.

Online exchanges have also sprouted, with tickers scrolling across the screen like stock markets. Stanley Gibbons says Asian clients now make up 5 percent of the firm’s investments in terms of volume—but almost 18 percent in value, as they spend more.

How much more? Three years ago, two sheets of the first ever-issued stamps for Formosa, the name of the island that later became Taiwan, sold to a Hong Kong collector for HK$10.4 million, or over $1.3 million.

In 1895 China ceded Taiwan to Japan. The Taiwanese reacted by establishing the short-lived Republic of Formosa, which issued its own stamps.

In 2011, a block of four stamps from 1968 called “Chairman Mao’s Inscription to Japanese Worker Friends” sold for more than $1 million at a Hong Kong auction.

The stamps, which feature Chairman Mao’s handwriting declaring that the revolution would succeed in Japan, were printed but never issued—except through a post office in Hebei, China, which started selling them before they were canceled. 

This great rarity is understood to be the largest existing multiple and probably the only surviving block of four of the stamp.

Last year, a pair of 1941 stamps that featured Sun Yat-sen, the revolutionary leader who began the Republic of China in the early 20th century, sold for $709,000 at an auction in Hong Kong. Like many other expensive stamps, their value was due to human error: The text and the $2 sign were printed upside down.

Chinese buyers tend to like alternative investments, from art to jade to homegrown liquors—and now stamps. According to a report by the private-wealth division at Barclays, China’s high-net-worth individuals put 17 percent of their wealth in these type of investments, compared to 9 percent of America’s rich and only 7 percent of the British wealthy. Stamps are also a relatively cheap collectible for countries that have new and growing middle classes and the hope is their young population will wish to take up Philately as a hobby, keeping the demand for their country stamps growing.

Fingers crossed!

Building your Philatelic “Want List”

In the good old days, the primary way that collectors let dealers know what stamps they wanted to add to their collections was via the want list especially true for United States, however in most other parts of the world it was the penpal network across nations and countries that needed to be well oiled and nurtured. In either circumstances, if you were looking for scarce material it could take months or even years for the item you were seeking to come to the market if it came at all. In those times, the stamps were indeed not printed in such high volume and then the interest in collecting stamps was also not very lucrative as it is today.

If you had a small network of collector friends, you would get the word to them about the type of material you wanted. Today, such a primitive catch-as-catch-can system is almost laughable. As connected as we all are via Internet, with email, chat boards, online auction websites, etc. chances are that if the item you seek is out there, you will get it.

Send your want list via email

There are plenty of dealers online and a quick mass email to them will have a veritable army of philatelic scouts scouring their stocks for what you’re looking for.

The classified advertisements websites

Here you need to be cautious but many inheritors and liquidators end up putting their classified. The proof of the pudding is obviously if these are genuine stamps and not Cinderella’s.

Search engines wants you to find your stamps

If you have a website or blog, why not put the list up there? Make sure you’re linked to a good number of other blogs that deal with stamps so that you can take advantage of Google noticing you.

You might even want to go the next step and purchase a Google ad. They don’t always have to be about selling. After all, in earlier days — and even now in the philatelic print journals that are still around — you’ll see Wanted To Buy ads; the somewhat strangely phrased ads that mean “I want to buy item xyz.” If you’re serious about finding your items, a small Google ad may do the trick at a much more reasonable price than you’d pay for even a small classified in a philatelic newspaper.

Philatelic Tweets

Twitter can also be an extremely effective way of getting the word out. If you only have a few items you want, you could easily use Twitter and take advantage of that wonderful echo effect that is created when your followers retweet your original message to their followers who do the same. Assuming you’re followed by like-minded collectors, they would be happy to give you a retweet. If you have more than a few items you can Tweet your list over a longer period of time. You wouldn’t want to fill up your followers’ pages in one great strike.

Online stamp magazines

Don’t forget to check out online stamp magazines, which at the very least may have a forum you could join with minimal effort and no expense. Learn the posting rules as soon as you join, and if you have a question about what is allowed, don’t hesitate to contact the administrator.

Post your list to online stamp collector communities

If you’re a member of an online chat group or a stamp collecting community, you’d surely get no argument from fellow collectors if you wanted to post a list of items you want for your collection. If you aren’t in a group and want to join one, first become familiar with the board and its members before you post your list there. Just like in real life, knowing and adhering to the rules, coupled with basic politeness will get you far with your fellow collectors.

So whats Kheyati’s Want List 2019

Kheyati is interested to buy/ trade:

Kheyati is interested to sell/ trade:
Miniature complete series of Nigeria Miniature complete series of India
Miniature complete series of Canada Thematic Stamp Album of
Man Made Structures
Miniature complete series of Australia Thematic Stamp Album of
Miniature complete series of Antarctica Thematic Stamp Album of

2019 Major Philatelic events & exhibitions

May 29-June 2, 2019 – STOCKHOLMIA2019, Sweden

Location:Stockholm, Sweden
Sponsor:Royal Philatelic Society Invitational
Contact Info.Royal Philatelic Society, London

29th International Stamp Fair – Essen Germany
May 9 to 11, 2019 (Thurs & Fri 10am-6pm; Sat 10am-5pm) Venue: Messegelände Essen Essen Germany Internationale Briefmarken-Messe Essen (International Stamp Fair – Essen) Contact: Jan Billion Messeagentur Freiligrathring 13 a D-40878 Ratingen Tel. +49 (0)2102/50675

June 11-17, 2019 – CHINA2019, China

Location:Wuhan, China
Contact Info.U.S. Commissioner: Dr. Mark Banchik,
Phone: 347-267-7601
Address: POB 2125, Great Neck, NY 11022
Note:FIP Patronage
Classes: All Classes including Postcards

July 26-28, 2019 (Fri, Sat 10am-5pm, Sun 10am-3pm) Venue: Hilton Atlanta Northeast Renaissance St. Louis Airport (2019 location) Visits different cities each year. Sponsored by: The American First Day Cover Society (AFDCS) For more info, contact: 301-974-1564

ASDA Spring Postage Stamp Show in New York
May 31 to June 1-2, 2019 (Fri & Sat 10am-6pm, Sun 10am-3pm) Venue: The Watson Hotel West 57th Street New York NY 10019 USA Sponsored by: American Stamp Dealers Association, Inc. (ASDA) National & International Dealers Free Admission Free Appraisals 

Wed, Jul 31, 2019–Sun, Aug 4, 2019, Commemorating Singapore’s Bicentennial & 100 Years of Airmail Service in Singapore. SINGPEX2019 36th Asian International Stamp Exhibition,Hosted by the Association of Singapore Philatelists.Under the Patronage of Federation of Inter‑Asian Philately and the Recognition of Fédération Internationale de Philatélie

August 23-25, 2019 – NORDIA2019, Norway

Location:Sarpsborg, Norway
Contact Info.U.S. Commissioner: Matthew Kewriga
Phone: 415-770-3060
Address: 1811 Castro St. #6
San Francisco, CA 94131
Note:FEPA Patronage
Classes: All Classes including Postcards

August 26-31, 2019 – BUENOS AIRES 2019, Argentina

Location:Buenos Aires, Argentina
Contact Info.U.S. Commissioner: Carlos Vergara
Phone: 630-336-1281
Address: 1107 S Naperville Rd
Wheaton, IL 60189
Note:FIAF Continental Exhibition and Assembly
Classes: All Classes

Exhibition “The Philatelic Society of Copenhagen” – 100 years

Exhibition “The Philatelic Society of Copenhagen” – 100 years

“The Philatelic Society of Copenhagen” (Filatelistisk Selskab) will celebrate the 100 years since was founded, with an exhibition in October 18 to 20, 2019. Will be organized by the Copenhagen Philatelic Club (KPK) in cooperation with ”The Philatelic Society of Copenhagen” and under the support of The Danish Philatelic Federation.

May 2-9, 2020 – LONDON2020, England

Location:Business Design Center, London, London, England
Contact Info.U.S. Commissioner: Jack Harwood,
Phone: 941-355-9694
Address: 4641 Windsor Park, Sarasota, FL 34235-2604
Note:FIP Patronage
Classes: Traditional, Postal History, Aerophilately, Revenues,
Postal Stationery, Thematics, Youth, Literature, Open,
and Championship

March 17-20, 2021 – IPEX (Cape Town), South Africa

Location:Cape Town, South Africa
Contact Info.Details to be announced
Note:FIP Patronage (No Championship Class)
All Other Classes

May 6-9, 2021 – IBRA2021, Germany

Location:Essen, Germany
Contact Info.Details to be announced
Note:FIP Patronage
Specialized World Stamp Exhibition

May 23-30, 2026 – Boston 2026 World Expo, Boston, MA, USA

Location:Boston Convention & Exposition Center,
Boston, MA, USA
Contact Info.Executive Director Mark Butterline,
President Nancy Clark,
Note:Details to follow

Philatelic Networks – Societies; Clubs & Associations

General Philatelic Societies

American Association of Philatelic Exhibitors [AAPE] (USA) –
American Philatelic Congress [APC] (USA) –
American Philatelic Society [APS] (USA) –
American Topical Association [ATA] (USA) –
APS Writers Unit [WU] (USA) –
Australian Philatelic Federation (Australia) –
British Thematic Association (Great Britain) –
Bund Deutscher Philatelisten (BDP) (Association of German Philatelists) – http://www.BDPH.deCardinal Spellman Museum of Stamps and Postal History (USA) –
Chicago Philatelic Society [CPS] (USA) –
Collectors Club of Chicago [CCC] (USA) –
Collectors Club of New York [CCNY] (USA) – of Inter-Asian Philately [FIAP] (Singapore] –øbenhavns Philatelist Klub (Denmark) – http://kpk.dkNational Philatelic Society [NPS] (Great Britain) – Philatelic Society, London [RPSL] (United Kingdom) –
Royal Philatelic Society of Canada [RPSC] (Canada) –
Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand (New Zealand) –
Royal Philatelic Society of Victoria (Australia) –

Specialty Philatelic Societies

American Air Mail Society [AAMS] (USA) –
American First Day Cover Society [AFDCS] (USA) –
American Helvetia Philatelic Society [AHPS] (USA) –
American Revenue Association [ARA] (USA) –
American Society for Netherlands Philately [ASNP] (USA) –
American Stamp Club of Great Britain [ASCGB] (Great Britain) –
Armenian Philatelic Association [APA] (USA) –
Asociacion Méxicana de Filatelia [AMF] (México) –
Associated Collectors of El Salvador [ACES] (USA) –
Australia – seeSociety of Australasian Specialists/Oceania
Australian Philatelic Society (Australia) –
Austrian Philatelic Society (Great Britain) –
Austria Philatelic Society [APS] (USA) –
Bechuanalands and Botswana Society (USA) –
Belgian Philatelic Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Bermuda Collectors Society [BCS] (USA) –
Boer War – seeThe Anglo-Boer War Philatelic Society
Bohemia – seeSociety for Czechoslovak Philately
Botswana – seeBechuanalands and Botswana Society
Brazil Philatelic Association [BPA] (USA) –
British Caribbean Philatelic Study Group [BCPSG] (USA) –
British Kaffraria – seeCape and Natal Study Circle
British North America Philatelic Society [BNAPS] (USA) –
British Society of Russian Philately (Great Britain) –
British West Indies Study Circle [BWISC] (Great Britain) –
Brunei – seeSarawak Specialists’ Society
Cambodia – seeSociety of Indo-China Philatelists
Canada – seeBritish North America Philatelic Society
Canada – seePostal History Society of Canada
Canadian Aerophilatelic Society [CAS] (Canada) –
Canadian Philatelic Society of Great Britain (Great Britain) –
Canal Zone Study Group [CZSG] (USA) –
Cape and Natal Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Cape of Good Hope – seeCape and Natal Study Circle
Cape of Good Hope – seeThe Philatelic Society for Greater Southern Africa
Carriers and Locals Society [CLS] (USA) –
Channel Islands Specialists’ Society (Great Britain) –
China Philatelic Society of London (Great Britain) –
China Stamp Society [CSS] (USA) –
Cinderella Stamp Club [CSC] (Great Britain) –
Civil Censorship Study Group [CCSG] (USA) –
Colombia-Panamá Philatelic Study Group [CoPaPhil] (USA) –
Confederate Stamp Alliance [CSA] (USA) –
Costa Rica – seeSociety of Costa Rica Collectors
Cuban Philatelic Society of America [CPSA] (USA) –
Cyprus – seeThe Cyprus Study Circle
Czechoslovakia – seeSociety for Czechoslovak Philately
East Africa Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Egypt Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Eire Philatelic Association [EPA] (USA) –
El Salvador – seeAssociated Collectors of El Salvador
Europa Study Unit (USA) –
Falkland Islands Philatelic Study Group (Great Britain) –
Færøe Islands Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Fellowship of Samoa Specialists (USA) –
Forces Postal History Society (Great Britain) –
France & Colonies Philatelic Society (Great Britain) –
France & Colonies Philatelic Society (USA) –
German Colonies Collectors Group [GCC] (USA) –
Gernany & Colonies Philatelic Society (USA) –
Germany Philatelic Society [GPS] (USA) –
Gibraltar Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Gilbert and Ellice Islands – seeKiribati and Tuvalu Philatelic Society
Great Britain Collectors Club [GBCC] (USA) –
Great Britain Overprints Society (Great Britain) –
Great Britain – seeThe Great Britain Philatelic Society
Griqualand West – seeCape and Natal Study Circle
Guatemala – seeInternational Society of Guatemala Collectors
Haiti Philatelic Society [HPS] (USA) –
Hawaiian Philatelic Society [HPS] (USA) –
Holy Land – seeSociety of Israel Philatelists
Hong Kong Stamp Society [HKSS] (USA) –
Hong Kong Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Hungary – seeSociety for Hungarian Philately
India Study Circle [ISC] (USA) –
Indo-China – seeSociety of Indo-China Philatelists
International Philippine Philatelic Society [IPPS] (Philippines) –
International Society for Japanese Philately [ISJP] (USA) –
International Society for Portuguese Philately [ISPP] (USA) –
International Society of Guatemala Collectors [ISGC] (USA) –
Iran Philatelic Study Circle [IPSC] (Great Britain) –
Ireland – seeEire Philatelic Association
Irish Philatelic Circle (Ireland) –
Israel – seeSociety of Israel Philatelists
Italy and Colonies Study Circle [CSC] (Great Britain) –
Japan – seeInternational Society for Japanese Philately
Judaica – seeSociety of Israel Philatelists
King George V Silver Jubilee Study Circle (Great Britain) –
King George VI Collectors Society (Great Britain) –
Kiribati and Tuvalu Philatelic Society (Great Britain) –
Labuan – seeSarawak Specialists’ Society
Laos – seeSociety of Indo-China Philatelists
Liberian Philatelic Society [LPS] (USA) –
Lithuania Stamp Society [LPS] (USA) –
Machine Cancel Society [MCS] (USA) –
Malaya – seeThe Malaya Study Group
Malta Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Meter Stamp Society [MSS] (USA) –
México – seeAsociacion Méxicana de Filatelia
México-Elmhurst Philatelic Society International [MEPSI] (USA) –
Military Postal History Society [MPHS] (USA) –
Mobile Post Office Society [MPOS] –
Natal – seeCape and Natal Study Circle
Natal – seeThe Philatelic Society for Greater Southern Africa
Nepal and Tibet Philatelic Study Circle (USA) –
Netherlands Philatelic Circle (Great Britain) –
Netherlands – seeAmerican Society for Netherlands Philately
New Zealand – seeRoyal Philatelic Society of New Zealand
New Zealand – seeSociety of Australasian Specialists/Oceania
New Zealand Society of Great Britain (Great Britain) –
North Borneo – seeSarawak Specialists’ Society
Orange Free State – seeThe Philatelic Society for Greater Southern Africa
Orange Free State Study Circle [OFSSC] (Great Britain) –
Oriental Philatelic Association of London (Great Britain) –
Ottoman and Near East Philatelic Society [ONEPS] (USA) –
Pacific Islands – seeSociety of Australasian Specialists/Oceania
Pacific Islands Study Circle [PISC] (Great Britain) –
Palestine – seeSociety of Israel Philatelists
Panamá – seeColombia-Panamá Philatelic Study Group
Perfins – seeThe Perfins Club
Perfins – seeThe Perfin Society of Great Britain
Perú Philatelic Study Circle [PPSC] (USA) –
Persia – seeIran Philatelic Study Circle
Philippines – seeInternational Philippine Philatelic Society
Pitcairn Islands Study Group [PISG] (USA) –
Poland – seePolonus Philatelic Society
Polar Philately – seeAmerican Society of Polar Philatelists
Polar Postal History Society of Great Britain (Great Britain) –
Polonus Philatelic Society [PPS] (USA) –
Portugal – seeInternational Society for Portuguese Philately
Portuguese Philatelic Society of Great Britain (Great Britain) –
Postal History Society [PHS] (USA) –
Postal History Society of Canada [PHSC] (Canada) –
Postal History Society of Great Britain (Great Britain) –
Postal Stationery – seeThe Postal Stationery Society
Precancel Stamp Society (USA) –
Railway/Railroads – seeTPO & Seapost Society
Rhodesian Study Circle [RSC] (Great Britain) –
Roman States – seeVatican Philatelic Society
Rossica Society of Russian Philately (USA) –
Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand [RPSNZ] (New Zealand) –
Russia – seeBritish Society of Russian Philately
Russia – seeRossica Society of Russian Philately
Ryukyu Philatelic Specialist Society [RPSS] (USA) –
Samoa – seeFellowship of Samoa Specialists
Sarawak Specialists’ Society [SSS] (Great Britain) –
Scandinavian Collectors Club [SCC] (USA) –
Scandinavia Philatelic Society (Great Britain) –
Scouts on Stamps Society International [SOSSI] (USA) –
Seapost – seeTPO & Seapost Society
Slovakia – seeSociety for Czechoslovak Philately
Society for Czechoslovak Philately [SCP] (USA) –
Society for Hungarian Philately [SHP] (USA) –
Society for Thai Philately [STP] (USA) –
Society of Australasian Specialists/Oceania [SASO] (USA) –
Society of Costa Rica Collectors (USA) –
Society of Indo-China Philatelists [SIP] (USA) –
Society of Israel Philatelists [SIP] (USA) –
South Africa – seeThe Philatelic Society for Greater Southern Africa
Space Topics Study Group [STSG] (USA) –
Spanish Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Sports Philatelists International [SPI] (USA) –
Stamps on Stamps Collectors Club [SOS] (USA) –
St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Philatelic Society (USA) –
State Revenue Society (USA) –
Sudan Study Group (Great Britain) –
Switzerland – seeAmerican Helvetia Philatelic Society
Thailand – seeSociety for Thai Philately
The Anglo-Boer War Philatelic Society (Great Britain) –
The Cyprus Study Circle (Great Britain) –
The Great Britain Philatelic Society (Great Britain) –
The Hellenic Philatelic Society of The Netherlands
The Malaya Study Group (Great Britain) –
The Perfins Club (USA) –
The Perfin Society of Great Britain (Great Britain) –
The Philatelic Society for Greater Southern Africa (USA) –
The Postal Stationery Society (Great Britain) –
Tibet – seeNepal and Tibet Philatelic Study Circle
TPO & Seapost Society (Great Britain) –
Transkeian Territories – seeCape and Natal Study Circle
Transvaal – seeThe Philatelic Society for Greater Southern Africa
Transvaal Study Circle (Great Britain) –
Tristan da Cunha – seeSt. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Philatelic Society
Turkey – seeOttoman and Near East Philatelic Society
Tuvalu – seeKiribati and Tuvalu Philatelic Society
Ukrainian Philatelic and Numismatic Society [UPNS] (USA) –
United Nations Philatelists [UNP] (USA) –
United Postal Stationery Society [UPSS] (USA) –
United States Stamp Society [USSS] (USA) –
United States State Revenue Society – seeState Revenue Society (USA)
Universal Ship Cancellation Society [USCS] (USA) –
U.S. Cancellation Club [USCC] (USA) –
U. S. Carriers and Locals – seeCarriers and Locals Society
U. S. Philatelic Classics Society [USPCS] (USA) –
Vatican Philatelic Society [VPS] (USA) –
Vietnam – seeSociety of Indo-China Philatelists
Welsh Philatelic Society (Great Britain) –
West Africa Study Circle [WASC] (Great Britain) –
Western Cover Society [WCS] (USA) –
Wreck & Crash Mail Society (USA) –
Yugoslavia Study Group (Great Britain) –
Zeppelin Study Group (Germany) –
Zululand – seeCape and Natal Study Circle

Philatelic Libraries

American Philatelic Research Library [APRL], 100 Match Factory Place, Bellefonte, PA 16823, USA
Collectors Club of Chicago Library, 1029 N. Dearborn Street, Chicago, IL 60610-2803
Collectors Club of New York Library, 22 East 35th Street, New York,NY 10016
Münchner Stadtbibliothek (Munich Philatelic Library), Rosenheimer Straße 5, D-81667 München, Germany
Museum für Kommokation Berlin – Bobliothek, Leipziger Straße 16, D-10117 Berlin, Germany
National Postal Museum Library, National Postal Museum, 2 Massachusetts Ave. N.E., Washington, DC 20013-7012
Northern Philatelic Society Research Library, Old Thompson Hotel – Suite B, 426 South Wabasha Street, St. Paul, MN 55107-1170
Phila-Bibliothek Heinrich Köhler des Vereins für Briefmarkenkunde 1878 e.V., Langer Weg 16-18, D-60489 Frankfurt/Main, Germany
Philatelistischer Bibliothek Hamburg e.V., Basedowstraße 16, D-20537 Hamburg, Germany
Postal History Foundation, Peggy J. Slusser Memorial Philatelic Library, 20 N. 1st Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719
Rocky Mountain Philatelic Library [RMPL], 2038 S. Pontiac Way, Denver, CO 80224
Royal Philatelic Society, London, Library, 41 Devonshire Place London W1G 6JY, England
The British Library, Philatelic Collections, 96 Euston Road, London NW1 2DB, England
Vincent Graves Greene Philatelic Research Foundation, The Harry Sutherland Philatelic Library, 10 Summerhill Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4T 1A8, Canada
Western Philatelic Library, 3004 Spring Street, Redwood City, California, 94063

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